Blog detail

Report On Illicit Small Arms And Light Weapons Proliferation And Fragility Situations (Somalia)
Report On Illicit Small Arms And Light Weapons Proliferation And Fragility Situations (Somalia)

Fragility situations in Somalia are closely linked to extensive proliferation of illicit small arms and light weapons (SALW) following many years of protracted conflicts. Somalia, a country located in the Horn of Africa, emerged from a total collapse in 2004. It however still occupies the last but one spot on the Fragile States Index (FSI),after South Sudan. According to the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) of December 2015, Somalia is the third most destitute country in the World. Violent conflicts and proliferation of SALW have remained protracted phenomena. The protracted conflicts and presence of terrorist networks play negatively on the regional and international security.

The overall objective of this research was to establish the nexus between proliferation of illicit SALW and fragile situations in Somalia, and their impacts on development and livelihoods. Participants in the research included Civil Society Organizations, security agents, religious leaders, government officials, civil service members, academics and the general Somali populace. The research was conducted in different parts of Somalia, including Hargeisa and Burao (in Somaliland), Mogadishu, Jowhar and Afgoye.

On one hand, the findings of the study indicate that fragility situations in Somalia are manifested by proliferation of illicit SALW (75%), the presence of peacekeeping forces (70%) and protracted armed conflict (65%). On the other hand, the key drivers of fragility in Somalia were identified as proliferation of illicit SALW (92%), weak governance institutions (85%), poverty and youth radicalization (80%) and clan politics (71%). However, the manifestations and drivers of fragility vary from one region to another.

The impact of fragility situations in Somalia is profound. The study established that the key affected sectors included security, tourism, foreign direct investment, health, education and infrastructure.

A number of legal frameworks and interventions have been put in place by the Federal Government and the International Community with the objective of addressing the fragility situations. However, the challenges of continued proliferation of illicit SALW, weak governance institutions, clan-based politics, the presence of terrorist and radicalized groups still persists.

The study proposes strengthening of governance institutions, civilian sensitization and disarmaments, security sector reforms, post conflict reconstruction and regional cooperation as key recommendations to deal with the problems of fragility in Somalia.

Click here to Download

LATEST TWEETS

Regional Centre on Small Arms @recsasec
SSP Florence Kirabira giving her opening remarks during the @recsasec PSSM training for UPDF which is funded under… https://t.co/do6GZKN8oQ
h J R
Regional Centre on Small Arms @recsasec
Group photo with participants during the opening ceremony of @recsasec PSSM training for Uganda Peoples’ Defence Fo… https://t.co/9BTDXBUr8k
h J R
Regional Centre on Small Arms @recsasec
RECSA ES @RECSAExecSec thanked The US State Department @StateDept through PM/WRA for consistently supporting RECSA… https://t.co/Cj71cB7oir
h J R
Regional Centre on Small Arms @recsasec
RT @RwandainSenegal: Today with @JRumongi and Mugisha Z. Joseph @recsasec during their courtesy visit to @RwandainSenegal. Brotherhood & Pa…
h J R
Regional Centre on Small Arms @recsasec
🇹🇿 ARUSHA: EAC @jumuiya Secretary General Amb. Libérat Mfumukeko held bilatéral discussions with @RECSAExecSec Lt.… https://t.co/UygMDrlQKY
h J R