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Report On Armed Crimes In East Africa Community Countries (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania And Uganda)
Report On Armed Crimes In East Africa Community Countries (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania And Uganda)

At the national level, each country has put mechanisms in place to fight crime.Despite the measures crime and insecurity constitute one of the biggest threats to regional integration and development.According to the U.S. Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC), 2015 Crime and Security Report, the U.S. government rates Kenya as critical for crime and terrorism and Uganda as critical for crime and high for terrorism. Crime and terrorism are also cited as concerns in Tanzania. The report describes the overall security situation in Burundi as stable but cites concerns about violent crime and targeted political violence . However the situation in Burundi deteriorated after April 2015 due to political differences regarding the third term for the incumbent President.According to Jones (December, 15th,2015), the political violence has left more than 800 Burundians dead and more than 400,000 as refugees. A report by USAID(2012) observed that conflict and instability trends in East Africa make the region one of the most unstable ones in the world. The report further indicates that significant portions of East Africa remained unsafe due to unending armed conflicts, violent crime, extremism, communal violence and political instability.

This analysis focuses on armed crime rates in the region. Armed crime refers to commission of a felony under the laws of the state by, with, or through the use, assistance, or aid of a dangerous instrument or deadly weapon 5 , in this case a firearm.

Small arms circulation across the borders has been identified as one of the key drivers of armed conflicts in the region.

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